Traffic Safety

Road safety in Lithuania

The rapid growth in car ownership and the intensifying traffic makes it more difficult to ensure safe traffic in Lithuania. As every member of society is a road user, road safety becomes a global issue. High road accident rates in Lithuania can be basically explained by reckless behaviour behind the wheel, the improper organisation of traffic, the poor condition of vehicles and roads, etc. It is still necessary to raise the awareness of the public about road traffic culture, mutual respect and assistance on the road.

Road safety has recently become the focus of attention across the whole country, as this issue is of great importance to society, governmental institutions and international organisations. European Union institutions and EU member states are making great efforts to improve road safety. The 2011 White Paper on Transport includes a target to halve the number of road deaths by 2020 by defining extra measures of safe traffic, and implementing new and modern technologies.

In Lithuania, road safety policy is formulated by the Ministry of Transport and Communications of the Republic of Lithuania. In its effort to ensure road safety the Ministry of Transport and Communications cooperates with the Ministry of the Interior, the Ministry of Education and Science, the Ministry of Health, the Ministry of Finance, municipalities, other state institutions, public organisations and science institutions.

Road safety depends on many factors, such as a road user, a vehicle, a road and the environment. How these factors affect road safety primarily depends on a country’s economy, funds allocated for road safety, the culture of the country’s residents, the standard of living, etc.

Institutional interaction

The State Traffic Safety Commission, which operates on a regular basis, oversees how the state implements road safety policy. The Commission, which is approved by the government, is comprised of the representatives of state institutions and the Association of Local Authorities.

Road safety in Lithuania is also improved as a result of Law on Road Traffic Safety of the Republic of Lithuania. One of its targets is to control the work of institutions responsible for road traffic, and regulate and enforce road safety.

The national road safety development programme for 2011-2017

By issuing Order No 257 of March 2, 2011, the Government of the Republic of Lithuania approved the national road safety development programme for 2011-2017, which is aimed at creating conditions for targeted and long-term road safety improvement, defining and implementing necessary measures to reduce the number of road accidents by making the movement of people more safe rather than restricting it.

Responsibilities of the Ministry of Transport and Communications in ensuring road safety

To ensure road safety the Ministry of Transport and Communications and its authorised institutions:

1) approve technical requirements for motor vehicles and their trailers, production and processing requirements of motor vehicles and their trailers, normative technical construction documents establishing requirements and procedures for road reconstruction, road design, road safety audit, road safety impact assessment, road safety inspection, road network safety level and identification of high accident concentration sections;

2) in coordination with the Ministry of the Interior, provide for the procedure and cases when persons working on the road (street) sections under reconstruction may regulate the traffic;

3) establish the procedure for issuing permissions to regularly carry passengers on the specified routes;

4) set procedure for technical inspection and technical expertise of motor vehicles and their trailers, approve regulations of the Centralised Technical Inspection Database;

5) establish requirements for companies conducting compulsory inspection of motor vehicles and their trailers, as well as companies conducting technical expertise of motor vehicles and their trailers;

6) grant the right to the staff of companies conducting compulsory inspection of motor vehicles and their trailers, as well as companies conducting technical expertise of motor vehicles and their trailers to carry out compulsory inspection of motor vehicles and their trailers, technical expertise of motor vehicles and their trailers, and suspend, renew, or withdraw this right;

7) grant the right to companies complying with requirements of legal acts to carry out compulsory inspection of motor vehicles and their trailers, technical expertise of motor vehicles and their trailers, and suspend, renew, or withdraw this right;

8) organize education of traffic participants in the area of traffic safety;

9) establish the procedure of training of drivers;

10) establish the procedure of additional training of drivers;

11) in coordination with the Ministry of Education and Science, set the procedure of training for motor vehicle drivers of C1, C1E, C, CE, D1, D1E, D, DE categories in order to acquire initial professional qualifications and periodically improve professional qualifications;

12) set the procedure of additional training of drivers who were deprived of the right to drive due to the RTR offences;

13) set the training procedure for family members seeking to acquire the right to drive category B motor vehicles;

14) set out requirements for driving instructors and driving schools as well as areas where training for drivers is to be carried out, as well as requirements for staff of these schools who are involved in training of drivers (persons responsible for training of drivers, driving instructors, and teachers of drivers);

15) organize and carry out control of technical condition of motor vehicles and their trailers, control of driving times and rest periods;

16) approve categories and classes of motor vehicles and their trailers according to their construction, issue to the national vehicle manufacturers a World Manufacturer Identifier (WMI) number and a World Parts Manufacturer Identifier (WPMI) number;

17) in coordination with the Ministry of the Interior, set the procedure of prohibition to participate in public traffic and the procedure for cancellation of such prohibition for motor vehicles, trailers damaged in traffic accident or other accident;

18) set requirements and procedure of repairs and technical expertise of motor vehicles, trailers which are prohibited from participating in public traffic;

19) set procedure of vehicle recognition a historical motor vehicle;

20) grant persons the right to work as a teacher of drivers and/or driving instructor and set the procedure for granting, suspending, renewing or withdrawing this right;

21) grant institutions or companies the right to perform training of drivers and/or additional training of drivers and set the procedure for granting, suspending, renewing or withdrawing this right;

22) perform supervision of training and/or additional training of drivers;

23) supervise compliance with the procedure of compulsory technical inspection and technical expertise;

24) set the procedure for revoking of validity of documents of compulsory technical inspection for motor vehicles and their trailers which do not meet technical requirements and pose a threat to traffic safety;

25) set the procedure for granting the right to drive to a company of vehicle technical inspection in order to carry out compulsory technical inspection of motor vehicles and their trailers whose validity of documents of compulsory technical inspection have expired or been abolished;

26) approve regulations of the Centralised Technical Inspection Database;

27) carry out control of vehicle technical maintenance and repair services;

28) approve requirements for persons carrying out vehicle technical maintenance and repairs and determine procedure for providing vehicle maintenance and repair services;

29) determine conformity assessment procedures of vehicles and vehicle components (including non-road mobile machinery with internal combustion engines);

30) perform other functions related to traffic safety enforcement.

Last updated: 14-03-2017