Transit and Logistics

The main activities of transit and logistics sector are to formulate public policy of transport transit and logistics, to develop public logistics centres, work with tariffs for the use of transport infrastructure, State fees provided by institusions acting under supervision of the Ministry of Transport and Communications and develop border crossing points.

Transport transit and logistics

Lithuania is located in the centre of the Baltic Sea Region between markets of Western and Eastern Europe and is known as a country of transit and logistics services. Two international transport corridors and their branches: the East–West direction – IX transport corridor‘s branches – IXB and IXD; North South direction  – transport corridor I and its branch IA cross country's territory. All this makes Lithuania an important link in the global logistics chain, serving the East-West and North-South trade flows, maximizing the use of different transport modes and their effective interaction.

Development of border crossing points near external borders of the European Union is being implemented urder public investment projecks, interests of national security, agreements with the Russian Federation and the Republic of Belarus, passenger and freight traffic through the border crossing point statistics.

Logistic sector creates a significant part of gross domestic product therefore Lithuania pays attention to this sector – encourages its development by making investments in roads, rail, ports, airports, border crossing points, public logistics centres, urban logistics and advanced infrastructure.

Public logistic centres

One of the goals of European Union transport policy is to seek at least 50 percent cargo of transport which are transported more than 300 kilometres by rail and water transport until 2040. Lithuania implements this policy, executes establishment procedures of public logistic centres. They will be established in strategically most suitable major cities of Lithuania (Vilnius, Kaunas, Klaipeda) because of implementing the interaction between land, air and water transport. Construction works of Vilnius intermodal terminal (VIT) and Kaunas intermodal terminals (KIT) has already been implemented. These intermodal terminals started to work in 2014.

Each establishment and development of public logistics centre is planned in 50-300 hectares territory with intermodal terminal, logistic park, warehousing services and facilities, administrative buildings. Such projects are implemented for the first time in Lithuania. It is expected that railways, road, air and water transport facilities will be effectively exploited, the interaction of different transport modes will be ensured in the European transport corridors, detours of the highways and traffics in the streets will be reduced by their assistance.

  Vilnius(VIT) Kaunas(KIT) Klaipėda
Storage: 1 500 TEU 550 TEU 1 200 TEU
Loading capasity: 100 000 TEU per year 55 000 TEU per year 10 000 TEU per year
(to 2017)


Start 2013.04.23 2013.07.03  
Finish 2014 fourth quarter 2014 fourth quarter 2016 third quarter

Estimated value of the project:

Total 38,4 million Eur 29,8 million Eur 28,6 million Eur
EU Funds 26,2 million Eur 21,4 million Eur 20,1 million Eur

Border crossing points

General Lithuanian state border length is 1762 km (together with the Republic of Latvia, the Republic of Belarus, the Republic of Poland and the Russian Federation, Kaliningrad Region). After Lithuania joined both the European Union on 1 May 2004 and Schengen Area document control was eliminated on the border with Poland and Latvia. Now there are established 37 border crossing points with external borders of the European Union: with Republic of Belarus – 19 (4 of them are international roads, 11 – local roads, 3 rails and 1 river) border crossing point. With Russian Federation – 10 (5 of them are international roads, 2 rails and 3 international rivers) border crossing points. There are established 4 international Seaport and 4 international airports border crossing points as well.

Development of border crossing points near external borders of the European Union is being implemented in accordance with Inter-institutional Action Plan for the development of Border crossing points, interests of national security, agreements with the Russian Federation and the Republic of Belarus, passenger and freight traffic through the border crossing point statistics.

Lithuanian state border crossing online booking system

Directorate of border crossing infrastructure under the Ministry of Transport and Communications in order to ensure smooth access to border crossings had  launched  information system for vehicles waiting to cross the state border of the Republic of Lithuania in international road border crossing points – Kybartai, Medininkai, Lavoriskes, Salcininkai and Raigardas.  The purpose of this information system is to implement the possibility to make online pre-booking to electronic border crossing queue on the websites and and to handle technical means of the information system  which allows entry to the border crossing point such as barriers, stoplights, scoreboards, number plates recognition techniques, etc.

Advanced queue reservation allowes  to wait the border crossing time in the chosen place or to plan the trip in advance and thus significantly reduces the physical rows or abolish them at all. 

State fees – mandatory payment for services (issuance and renewal of documents having legal force and their duplicates, and other services) provided by institutions acting under supervision of the Ministry of Transport and Communications (Civil Aviation Authority, the Lithuanian Maritime Safety Administration, State Road Transport Inspectorate, State Railway Inspectorate). State fees shall be levied for services provided to persons by institutions under the laws, regulations or decisions of the European Union.


Border crossing points control development commission  (activity − coordinate the Inter-institutional Action Planfor the development of Border crossing points, providing suggestions how to improve it, discuss about border crossingpoints construction and renovation investment projects, initiate negotiations, discuss about international agreementsprojects, the draft negotiating positions for negotiations with the competent authorities of the neighbouring countries.

Public logistic centres development and activities supervision (activity - examine issues related to the development and activities of logistics centres, providing suggestions for Minister of Transport and Communicatios).

Last updated: 26-09-2016