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Electronic Communications

Development of the Electronic Communications Sector

An important event in the Lithuanian telecommunications market is the final liberalisation of the telecommunications market de jure associated with the expiry of the exclusive rights of Lietuvos Telekomas AB to provide the public fixed telephone connection services, i.e. 31 December 2002.

At present the electronic communications activities in the Republic of Lithuania are regulated in accordance with the Law of the Republic of Lithuania on Electronic Communications which regulates public relations connected to the electronic communication services, networks and associated measures and services as well as the use of electronic communication resources. Such public relations are also connected with radio equipment, terminal equipment and electromagnetic compatibility.

Fixed Telephone Connection

At the end of 2018 the right to engage in public fixed telephone connection network and/or service provision activities was held by 32 economic entities.

The total number of subscribers of the fixed telephone connection services reached 412 thousand. Fixed telephony penetration (number of fixed telephone communication lines per 100 persons) was 14,8.

Public Mobile Connection

At the end of 2018 the right to engage in public mobile telephone connection network and/or service provision activities was held by 16 economic entities.

The total number of active subscribers of the mobile telephone connection services in that year reached 3776 thausand. Mobile telephony penetration (number of mobile telephone communication lines per 100 persons) was 135,2

Broadband Internet Access

The broadband connection access is a permanent data transmission service provided through electronic communications of the synchronous bandwidth of at least 512 kbps last mile to the network end point (per every factual user of electronic communication services) at a competitive price.

At the end of 2018 the Broadband Internet access services were provided by 82 providers.

The penetration of the broadband network (the number of subscribers per 100 residents) in  2018 grew about 5,6 % and reached 47,3 %.

In the end of 2018 44,2% of households could use 30 Mbps and higher speed of the Internet, including 27,3% which could use higher speed than 100 Mbps.

All this meant that under fiber broadband development Lithuania is one of the leaders in Europe.

Trans-European (Telecommunication) Network (eTEN) Programme

eTEN is a programme of the European Commission promoting the implementation of the information society services attributable to the trans-European dimension. The Programme promotes the emergence of general e-services by strengthening the European model based on the public cohesion.

eTEN Programme is the implementation of the trans-European network policy although, apart from the telecommunication sector, TEN programmes exist as two subsidiary programmes in the energy and the transport sectors. eTEN Programme does not receive funding for the infrastructure development but rather emphasises the main strivings of the eEurope 2005 Action Plan (to promote e-health, e-governance, e-education, e-insertion and reliability and security services (those strivings are referred to as action lines).

Galileo Programme

GALILEO is a Europe’s global navigation satellite system which creates a possibility of providing services by precisely identifying objects within civil control. The user will be provided with a possibility of identifying the object position using all the available satellites in any combinations. The double radio frequency standard will allow identifying the location of an object online within the accuracy of a meter. Such a civil system has no precedence and will ensure the provision of services under various conditions informing the user about the status of satellites just within a few seconds. GALILEO will create conditions for ensuring security.

Benefits of GALILEO Programme for Europe. Europe needs GALILEO Programme as Europe has no analogue to the Global Positioning System (GPS) of the United States of America and Russia’s GLONASS System. However both systems are controlled by military structures, which is why there are doubts as to uninterrupted continuity of connection. Moreover, both systems (GPS and GLONASS) are not adjusted to transmit signals in Northern Europe.

Project on RAIN Information Technology Broadband Network for Rural Areas

The Institute of Mathematics and Informatics, the Ministry of Transport and Communications and the Ministry of Education and Science participate in the implementation of the RAIN Project.

Due to low density of population, current social problems and related minimal financial capacities as well as due to high development costs of the communication infrastructure and low initial demand for commercial broadband connection and the Internet services, rural areas are often not attractive for commercial activities. This contributes to the aggravation of social and economic gaps between rural and urban areas.

The implementation of the RAIN Project ended with the construction of optical paths to 450 rural neighbourhoods of the country thus creating a backbone network of especially high data transmission bandwidth which will allow providing the Internet access services to the population of rural areas, non-governmental organizations, public organizations and business enterprises. The Project created 3357 kilometers broadband network structure.

The implementation of the RAIN-2 Project ended the construction of 5755 kilometer optical fiber cable lines. It will be brought to 982 rural neighbourhoods.

98,7% population of rural areas, non-governmental organizations, public organizations and business enterprises have access to broadband netvork services.

The implementation of the RAIN and RAIN-2 projects collectively made possible broudband network infrastructure reach 1400 rural areas of the country.

In line with Digital Agenda for the Republic of Lithuania, the Lithuanian government  develop the high-speed broadband communication infrastructure in areas where the development of the infrastructure and the provision of electronic services cannot be ensured by the market, and to promote competition in the market for broadband communication as well as the use of the broadband communication services.

In order to achieve the objectives mentioned above, the following targets have been set by 2020: 50% of households in Lithuania should use 100 Mb/s or faster broadband communication, while 30 Mb/s and faster broadband communication should be accessible, i. e. cover 100% of households throughout the territory of the country.

Digital Television 

Lithuania has successfully switched to digital television in 2012.

At the end of 2018 676 thausand subscribers (i.e. 50,3 % of all households) used pay television (pay-TV) services. Though the majority of subscribers still use cable TV services, their share decreases. However, the number of IPTV service subscribers increases: during the  2018, the number of IPTV subscribers increased by 12,8 %, and totalled 259 thousand, i. e. 38,3% of all pay-TV subscribers.


JSC Lithuanian Radio and Television Centre

Sausio 13-osios str. 10, 04347 Vilnius, Lithuania
Tel. +370 5 204 0300
Fax +370 5 204 0325

Communications Regulatory Authority

Mortos str. 14, 03219 Vilnius, Lithuania
Tel. +370 5 210 5633  
Fax +370 5 216 1564

PE "Plačiajuostis internetas"

Sausio 13-osios str. 10, 09312 Vilnius, Lithuania
Tel. +370 5 243 0882
Fax +370 260 4404


Association "Infobalt"

Mokslininkų str. 2A-128, 08412 Vilnius, Lithuania 
Tel. +370 5 262 2623
Fax + 370 5 2 622 624



Last updated: 02-12-2019